Celebrating Black History Month: Honoring Security Pioneer Marie Van Brittan Brown

In today’s progressive world, I am proud to acknowledge our strong Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DE&I) committee. When I was asked to identify if any influential people in the Black community have affected the security industry over time, I was initially a bit stumped. However, after researching the subject I quickly discovered how uninformed I was.

This is my 42nd year providing leadership for our security consultants and engineers in the physical and electronic security industry. Over this time, I was always aware of industry threats, trends and products. I believed myself to have a comfortable understanding of what seemed to be some of the key historical time-line developments that shaped our services and offerings. As it turns out, this belief was false: I missed a valuable one.

When I started in 1979, there were no digital keypads, no LED displays, and card access was in its infancy. We relied on alarm panels, barrel type key switches, and tape dialers that called building operators with a pre-recorded message if the alarm was triggered.

I worked with several veteran security technicians and managers who tutored me in “alarm systems” history, which was limited and focused on a product or manufacturer. Ultimately, I was a novice being taught by those who had limited knowledge. I was schooled on the large system providers such as ADT, Brinks, and Chubb who seemed to be the fathers and founders of my newly adopted career.

Marie Van Brittan Brown

Presently, the possibility of discovering how Black History might have influenced our growth and evolution of technology was an exciting concept. Today, it is clear more than ever history can be lost to time or purposely hidden. Amazingly, in less than 15 minutes of searching, I discovered someone that completely rewrote my previous history lessons. On a topic such as this, it is easy to see why: she was a woman of color in a time where both aspects weren’t always well-respected.

Marie worked odd hours, leaving her home alone with her children. There were many days when she worked the night shift, requiring her to sleep during daytime hours. Marie was always concerned about who might be lurking in the neighborhood and whether they would be a threat to her or her family.

To create a safer environment, Marie decided something had to be done to provide more time for police response and increase safety precautions in her home. This is when the home alarm system was born. Marie devised a series of devices to monitor doors, windows with the ability to turn on or off specific areas of her home. This is known as “arming” or “disarming” in modern home alarm systems. Marie worked with her husband to wire their house, developing the first fully operational home alarm.

Marie did not stop there; her idea provided a clear vision for the future. This led her to develop the first closed-circuit TV (CCTV) system, creating the foundation of modern residential and commercial surveillance systems.

Marie continued to expand her quest for manageable safety measures. She added audio intercoms to augment the video from the CCTV system. Now, she could see and communicate with someone at her front door without leaving her bedroom. Today, we can relax in bed and use our smartphones to do the same.

Marie’s sketches and designs were submitted for a patent. In 1966, the patent was finalized for her home security system as U.S Patent # US3482037:

She became an inspiration to others, spawning a multitude of ideas and inventions, leading us to our contemporary world of security technology. I am proud to be part of an industry that stemmed from such a bright and inventive woman, who most likely faced with many challenges along the way due to her race and gender.

I now think of Marie every time I walk past the digital LED keypads in my home with a new appreciation for what she inspired. Marie died in Jamaica, Queens in 1999 leaving behind a legacy that is now an invaluable part of our daily lives.

You can also watch a short video produced by MSNBC here



America Comes Alive

Article by Phil Santore, Vice President and Managing Principal for Ross & Baruzzini Security

Quality Inn Hotel Becomes Non-Acute COVID-19 Patient Care Facility

At midnight on Saturday, April 11, a 4-story Quality Inn hotel in Florissant, Missouri was successfully converted into a non-acute COVID-19 Patient Care Facility. With the deadline being met this facility was ready to receive patients on the morning of Sunday, April 12. The facility will be used for patients on the backside of their COVID-19 treatment before discharge to provide off-loading space from the hospital. This was a joint effort with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, State of Missouri, Missouri National Guard, State Highway Patrol, St. Louis County, and a fantastic contracting team that included equipment and material suppliers along with the following firms:

  • Ross & Baruzzini
  • Tarlton
  • Rock Hill Mechanical
  • Guarantee Electric
  • Waterhout
  • Woodard
  • Collins & Herman Fencing
  • Flooring Systems
  • Tech Electronics
  • Ward Painting
  • Kone Elevator

“We are proud to be part of the integrated design-build team on this facility that responds locally to the COVID-19 Pandemic.”  Mike Shea, Ross & Baruzzini Director of Government Market

The multi-market Ross & Baruzzini team from Government, Higher Education, and Healthcare made up of Mike Shea, Scott Ethridge, Mike Harris, Brooks Becker, Roger Czmowski, Brad Pierce and Mark Heise provided 24/7 field site investigation, construction administration, and architectual and engineering technical support.

“This job was exciting and really proves what your experience is worth when it counts.” Scott Ethridge, Ross & Baruzzini Director of Operations Government Market

The Ross & Baruzzini team all wore their masks and gloves and practiced social distancing as they worked with 400 tradesmen to complete the task at hand. This combined team had 79 hours from contract signature to turn-over. During this time they prepared 120 single patient rooms, 4 nurse stations, a triage center, ambulatory drop-off, 1200 lineal feet of fencing, as well as re-programmed the phone system for nurse call, relocated the roof top exhaust fans, replaced the 4th-floor carpet, and replaced 20 HVAC units.

Ross & Baruzzini COVID-19 Rapid Response in action!

More about Ross & Baruzzini

Ross & Baruzzini is a global technology consulting and engineering firm continually ranked among the top companies in the nation. It provides advanced solutions in the healthcare, government, higher education, transportation, and mission-critical sectors. With more than 400 employees, Ross & Baruzzini executes projects in 30 countries.

Ross & Baruzzini offers a full range of risk-based professional emergency preparedness and security consulting services. As a complement to Ross & Baruzzini’s planning, design, and engineering disciplines, the Group provides clients with solutions to meet day-to-day and long-term operational needs. Our team has direct professional experience in emergency preparedness and response, law enforcement, life/health/safety, physical and electronic security systems, risk assessment, and training and exercise services.

Detroit’s New Little Caesars Arena Officially Opens

On Sept. 5, 2017, Little Caesars Arena in Detroit was introduced to the world in a big way during a ribbon-cutting ceremony, which was the kickoff event to a weeklong preview of the arena for media outlets and project contributors. Little Caesars Arena (LCA) is the new home of the Detroit Red Wings and Pistons. LCA is the anchor project for a new 50-block redevelopment in downtown Detroit simply known as, “The District Detroit.” The District Detroit is a world-class sports and entertainment development that spans 50 city blocks and five neighborhoods and includes six theaters/performing art centers and four professional sports teams. Our team is currently working with Olympia Development of Michigan on a number of projects related to The District Detroit development.

As the Security Consultant and Engineer of Record for the arena, our team was tasked with designing electronic security and developing physical security protective measures that supported the programmatic and architectural elements of the arena’s overall design. Our team services for the project included recommendations for site physical security measures, a vehicle threat vector analysis (through sub-consultant), and the design of site-wide access control, intrusion detection, video surveillance, emergency intercom, integrated suite access control, and visitor management systems. Our team also provided Construction Administration services that included bid and award all the way through final system commissioning. Additionally, our team provided consultation and supporting documentation to the client, as part of the Department of Homeland Security Safety Act certification process.

Little Caesars Arena officially opened its doors to the public for a six-show concert event starring Detroit native Kid Rock that runs from Sept. 12-20, 2017. The Detroit Red Wings are scheduled to play their first regular-season hockey game in the new arena on Oct. 5, 2017.

About the Contributor:

Jeremy Zweeres is a Senior Associate with over 15 years of experience in the industry focusing on security system integration and design engineering for commercial, federal, cultural, and high-risk facilities. Jeremy joined DVS, a division of Ross & Baruzzini in 2007 and was the Project Manager and Lead Engineer for the new 785,000 ft², 21,000-person Little Caesars Arena project.

Ross & Baruzzini Offers Specialized Expertise in Fire Protection Engineering

Ross & Baruzzini announces the addition of certified fire protection engineering services through the recent promotion of engineer Ben Brooks, PE, to Director of Fire Protection Engineering Services. Ben is a licensed fire protection engineer with experience in fire protection, plumbing, and medical/laboratory gas systems for multiple industries. In his new role, Ben’s focus will be on the expansion of Ross & Baruzzini’s fire protection engineering services that can be offered to our clients across all markets. 

Fire protection involves the coordination, design, and integration of many disciplines and systems, with the intent being to provide solutions that protect human life, business continuity, and property. Our service offerings include:

Fire Protection Engineering Consulting

  • Design/Plan Creation and Review
  • Emergency Responders’ Radio Coverage Mapping
  • Hazardous Material Analysis
  • Fire Protection and Water Supply Analysis
  • Risk/Hazard Evaluation
  • Wet and Dry Sprinkler System Design
  • Clean Agent and Chemical Fire Protection Evaluation and Design
  • Smoke Control Analysis and Design
  • Fire Modeling and Smoke Modeling
  • Property, Process, and Risk Analysis
  • Peer/Third Party Plan and Specification Review
  • Code Interpretation
  • Egress Analysis, Review, and Modeling
  • Data Center and Warehouse Fire Hazard Assessment and Consulting

Fire Protection System Design Services

  • Fire Sprinkler System, Suppression, Extinguishment, and Special Hazard Protection Systems Design and Analysis
  • Fire Main, Water Service, Fire Pump, and Water Storage Design
  • Fire Alarm System Design/Mass Notification Design
  • Project Construction Administration, Observation, and Inspection Service
  • Fire Protection Extinguishment, Suppression, and Alarm Commissioning

Inspection, Testing, and Commissioning of Fire Protection Systems

  • Study and Inspect Conditions of Existing Buildings
  • Code and Bid Document Compliance Inspections
  • Witness Operation Testing of Fire Protection Systems for Integration with Other Building/System Components
  • Maintenance Schedule Development and Review.

Ross & Baruzzini Opens Office in Overland Park, Kansas

Ross & Baruzzini has opened a Kansas City regional office in Overland Park, Kansas. The new location strengthens the firm’s network of services and affirms the company’s commitment to providing local delivery to an expanding client base. The addition of the Kansas City office brings the total number of office locations to 11.

This is the latest expansion for Ross & Baruzzini, a 250-person firm serving an impressive list of national and international clients. In 2016 the firm opened a new office in Chicago through the acquisition of Mitchell Planning and Associates.

“We are very motivated to continue on the growth trajectory that has more than doubled our firm size over the past five years,” remarked Bill Overturf, President of Ross & Baruzzini. This growth allows us to provide new leadership opportunities for individuals to continue to step up in our organization and to attract and retain truly great people.  Kansas City, where we already enjoy a number of close client relationships, is a natural next step.”

The office will be led by Dan Phelan, P.E., LEED AP BD+C, a Project Manager and Senior Mechanical Engineer who has been with Ross & Baruzzini for nearly 10 years. Dan has led projects for many of our clients in the Government, Higher Education, Healthcare and Research markets. In addition to the leadership he brings to the firm, he has deep technical skills focused on energy saving retrofit projects and sustainable design techniques. 

“It gives me great pleasure to lead the Ross & Baruzzini Kansas City office,” said Phelan. “I am both honored and excited to be part of this new growth opportunity for the firm. This expansion will help us not only enhance relationships with existing clients within the Kansas City region, but also engage new clients across multiple markets,” said Phelan.

The new office is located at 6811 Shawnee Mission Parkway, Suite 201, Overland Park, Kansas.

A Critical Look at Cold Supply Air Systems

Stephen W. Duda, PE, LEED AP BD+C, BEAP, HFDP, HBDP, ASHRAE Fellow
Project Manager/Senior Mechanical Engineer

In the course of a 30-year career, this consulting engineer has been asked to retrofit, remodel, modify, or study the HVAC systems of many existing buildings designed by other engineers. Occasionally, that existing HVAC system has been a colder-air variable air volume (VAV) system, sometimes using a supply air temperature (SAT) as cold as 44°F (6.7°C). While realizing almost any common HVAC choice has pros and cons, I have on those occasions pondered why the original engineer would have selected such a cold SAT. Additionally, from time to time, I see magazine articles or vendor presentations promoting colder SAT, which is usually contrasted with conventional air at or about 55°F (13°C). With recent advances in high-performance VAV systems and dual-maximum VAV damper controls, it is time to revisit that concept.

Click here to access the entire white paper:                                                                      http://www.rossbar.com/perch/resources/2016-12-01dudaa-critical-look-at-cold-supply-air-systems.pdf

This article was published in ASHRAE Journal, December 2016. Copyright 2016 ASHRAE. Posted at www.ashrae.org.

Explaining to a Layperson How Air Conditioners Work

Stephen W. Duda, PE, LEED AP BD+C, BEAP, HFDP, HBDP, ASHRAE Fellow
Project Manager/Senior Mechanical Engineer

One challenge I like to pose to younger consulting engineers is to explain to me how a simple air-conditioning unit works, at its most basic, fundamental level. Usually, the responses I get include a lot of college textbook jargon such as “well, there is an isentropic process in the compressor which . . .” or some version of the perfect gas law with regard to the refrigerant, or a discussion of the Reverse Carnot Cycle. I stop them. And, I ask them to tell me in simple layperson’s terms what is the process in an air conditioner that makes air cold. That skill is important because it confirms whether they truly understand how it works, and it enables them to explain the process to non-technical clients in the future.

Click here to access the entire white paper:  http://www.rossbar.com/perch/resources/2016-08-01-duda-explaining-to-a-layperson-how-air-conditioners-work.pdf

This article was published in ASHRAE Journal, August 2016. Copyright 2016 ASHRAE.

Can You Hear Me Now? Edward Jones Dome Sound System:

The Edward Jones Dome’s new sound system provides fans and visitors with the finest game day and special event audio in the country.

While the St. Louis Rams have been busy rebuilding their team and working towards a winning season, the Edward Jones Dome has been working on upgrading its facility as well. The dome recently installed a state-of-the-art sound system that is sure to score a touchdown with fans and visitors alike.

The Dome, located in downtown St. Louis, has been around for almost 20 years, and in that time a lot has changed, especially when it comes to the evolution of audio performance and technology. When the Dome opened in 1995, the audio system was installed as part of the original construction, but soon after, sound system issues began. In 1998, Ross & Baruzzini was tasked with rectifying some of these issues. Minor improvements allowed for the original speakers to deliver functional audio in the Dome until early 2013 when they reached the end of their useful life. At that time, Ross & Baruzzini was asked to provide the design for a complete sound system replacement.

So it was back to the drawing board.

The original sound system was designed specifically for football games, but the St. Louis Convention and Visitors Commission had been using the facility for various reasons other than football. Because of this, the redesign was to account not only for football events but other possible uses of the space such as basketball games, Supercross, Monster Truck events, and conventions. The redesign needed to address all of the following requirements:

  1. Use of the entire floor and all seating areas. Ideal for an NFL Football game.
  2. The ability for the sound system to be turned off in unused areas when only one side of the dome was being utilized, as well as providing sound to optional floor seating. Ideal for a basketball game.
  3. Use of the floor only with lower seating retracted. This option requires the audio system to distribute sound to the floor area only. Ideal for floor-only events such as trade shows.
  4. Use of the floor and lower-level seating only. This option also requires the audio system to distribute sound to these areas without broadcasting sound into unused areas. Ideal for events using only the floor and lower level only such as conventions or industry conferences.
  5. Use of the full dome for a floor event requiring the lower seating to be retracted. Ideal for Monster Truck and racing-type events.

The overall direction for sound distribution in similar venues has changed drastically over the past decade. The use of speakers in distributed clusters, while popular, did not always work well together. Due to the low level of audio control with these types of systems as well as the narrow coverage area, the philosophy was to provide a large number of clusters with overlapping coverage areas. This led to phasing and timing issues, making the overall sound quality inconsistent.

It was decided that the most effective solution for the new sound system was the use of line array speaker technology.

Line arrays have become the standard in the industry for the dome and stadium-type applications. The line array is a grouping of speakers with very specific cut-offs that are designed to be hung vertically with specific angles between each box to determine coverage areas. Also, many manufacturers now build the boxes with integral amplification and Digital Signal Processing (DSP) within each speaker box which allows for a much more precise level of tuning and for greater reduction in timing and phasing between speaker arrays, thus minimizing overlapping of coverage zones allowing each line array location to act more like a single source of superior sound.

The use of amplifiers within each enclosure allows for each driver to be individually controlled and makes the array “steerable.” By varying the exact timing of each speaker along with the amplification control, it is possible to have the array act as a single speaker. Interference between cabinets can be significantly reduced, allowing for the delivery of higher quality audio and improving the overall performance of the system.

The system design effectively provides coverage for the dome seating areas and provides better coverage using fewer zones than the previous system.  The former speaker clusters provided a direct SPL of approximately 103 decibels (dB), and despite having only half of the overall vertical zones, the SPL supplied by the line array solution provides approximately 112 dB of consistent intelligible coverage in music presentation, public address, and service announcements that will dramatically enhance the audio experience of fans and visitors from the front row at field level to the back row at the top of the stadium.

The total replacement and upgrade of the existing sound system throughout the Dome provide fans and visitors with the finest game day and special event audio experience possible that rivals any similar indoor venue in the country.

Have you been to an event at the Dome recently?  We’d love to hear what you think about the new sound system.

About the Author:

David McGhee is a Principal Consultant and Security Engineer with Ross & Baruzzini.  With over 20 years of experience as a security engineer with strengths in security and technology planning, engineering, and construction management, he has spent his career delivering cross-enterprise information technology and security solutions on a variety of electrical and special systems projects for a diverse group of markets including government, commercial, and transportation. Clients prize his comprehensive experience in the changing world of security technology and his ability to work effectively in team environments and consistently get the job done right.

R&B Life: ASHRAE Leadership U Program

Recently, I attended the ASHRAE Annual Conference in Seattle, Washington as a participant in the Leadership U program. If you don’t already know, ASHRAE is the leading society for the advancement of the built environment, and its members are continually researching writing standards, and providing educational resources for the building industry. Leadership U is a program sponsored by the Young Engineers in ASHRAE (YEA) in which four young engineers are selected to shadow the four Vice Presidents of ASHRAE. The goal of the program is to transfer knowledge from the senior members of ASHRAE to the future leaders of the organization.

I had the opportunity to shadow Vice President Dan Pettway, a Senior Project Manager at Hobbs & Associates in Norfolk, Virginia. Even with all of Dan’s ASHRAE commitments (Board of Directors, Executive Committee, Publishing and Education Council Chair, Planning Committee, Finance Committee, and Technical Committee-7.2 HVAC&R Construction and Design Build Technologies), he still made time to be a remarkable mentor. Dan helped me understand all of the ASHRAE acronyms (there are so many, one could easily write an “ASHRAE Dictionary”) as well as explained the detailed thought process that goes into how changes are made within the organization.

During Dan’s Executive Committee and Board of Directors meetings, I was impressed at the passion, hard work, and dedication that Dan and his fellow members/volunteers spent making sure that all decisions are made for the good of ASHRAE. When these committees meet, the discussions can occasionally get intense because everyone is so passionate about what direction ASHRAE should take. Amazingly, in the end, everyone finds a way to come to a conclusion and still be professional towards each other as colleagues and friends.

Additionally, Dan’s charming and supportive wife Terri was a bonus role model for me. When Dan was busy with ASHRAE business, Terri would explain all the preparation that goes into attending a conference and how Dan has perfected the skill of successfully jumping from one conversation to the next in a room full of people wanting his attention.

A common question brought up throughout the conference was, “Why volunteer for ASHRAE?” For my part, I have remained a volunteer because I am passionate about the HVAC industry and interested in meeting other people who share my interests. Furthermore, I want to support ASHRAE and increase awareness about the incredible technical resources available to its members. Various members at the conference explained the concept of an “ASHRAE MBA” to me. By maintaining involvement in the organization at the chapter, regional, and society levels as well as serving on technical and standing committees, a member gains the same skills as someone earning an MBA. Communication skills, business knowledge, leadership and problem-solving abilities, finance management, and teamwork are all talents that any ASHRAE member can easily gain by volunteering. Being made aware of this helped me fully understand the personal and professional benefits I am gaining by staying involved.

I am extremely thankful for the opportunity to participate in the Leadership U program. Being able to experience Dan Pettway’s ASHRAE involvement, meet Society-level leaders, and absorb some of their expertise made participation in this program an invaluable experience. Plus, I am really excited to be able to call myself a member of the “Leadership U Alumni” club!

For more information about Leadership U:https://www.ashrae.org/membership–conferences/leadership-u

About the Author

Jessica Mangler is Mechanical Engineer at Ross & Baruzzini with experience in mechanical design for higher educational facilities, student housing projects, central energy plants, laboratories, amphitheaters, government facilities, office buildings, medical and dental facilities, and commercial buildings focusing on chilled beams, VAV systems, fan coil units, and chilled and heated water systems. Jessica specializes in energy modeling.

A Brief and Moveable History of Aviation Security

In “the business” – those familiar with the vagaries of aviation security – we too often get so immersed that we lose context. Aviation security is not in fact a steady-state feature of aviation, but a constantly evolving response to moving circumstances.

In the Beginning

Commercial aviation originated as a means to provide relatively unfettered public transportation across large distances. Air transport is inherently vulnerable to unlawful interference and attack. Air flight has also always been a spectacular and visible feat, enhancing the system’s attractiveness as a target for activity seeking spectacular attention.

These very achievements – reliable and speedy long-distance travel and technical mastery of human flight – have brought into existence a particular form of malice and a particular set of solutions to it, collectively known as aviation security.

Criminal intervention in aviation is nearly as old as commercial flight. The first record of a hijacked aircraft is in 1930 when a Pan American mail plane was hijacked by Peruvian revolutionaries seeking to drop leaflets over Lima. Security-related incidents tended to be dominated by aircraft hijacking for several decades thereafter, usually by persons seeking expeditious political asylum, rather than political leverage.

International security approaches followed this trend, with the gradual introduction of magnetic screening devices aimed at detecting guns and other metallic weapons being carried onto airplanes.

The situation changed dramatically in the 1980s with the appearance of terrorist bombings of aircraft. Beginning with TWA #843 and culminating in the 1988 bombing of Pan American #103 in Lockerbie, radical organizations sought to create terror and call attention to their causes by the destruction of aircraft in flight. This development, coincident with the rapid development of electronic systems, ushered in the modern era of aviation security.

Prior to 1988, although international aviation governing agencies were in existence, no comprehensive regulatory guidance was available and the technical approaches to securing the aviation system were sporadic and largely manual.

Advent of Electronic Security 1988-2001

Two seminal documents were forged in the late 1980s: The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) formulated Annex 17 to the Chicago Convention outlining international aviation security standards, and the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued Part 107 to the Code of Federal Regulation 49. These governmental responses to aviation terrorism produced the first appearance of electronic security.

By 2001, virtually every commercial airport had incorporated the most basic security measures, including delineation of security zones, electronic badge access to secure zones, control between public and sterile areas, electronic control of security badges, radiographic and magnetic screening of departing passengers and luggage and some form of video surveillance in critical areas. A body of knowledge grew up in this period, industry committees were formed and the business of aviation security matured into a relatively widespread feature of air travel and aviation operations.

Modern Integrated Security 2001

The attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, opened a new chapter in threats and responses to aviation security, which produced – again, in conjunction with rapid technological developments – a host of more integrated and effective security approaches and solutions. The “Post 9/11” aviation security environment shifted to address the specter of suicide attacks including the use of aircraft itself as an instrument of terror and destruction.

Interestingly, some of the more advanced security strategies have resulted from the realization that reliance on technology alone does not provide the most comprehensive and effective measures to secure the system. Advanced practitioners began to adopt models of balanced security, layered concentric security, integrated security processes with building design and technology, and establishment of situational and domain awareness.

The global picture for aviation security was altered dramatically in 2001, as both regulatory influences and heightened awareness combined to create a massive demand for new security technologies. Rapid introduction of new products and technologies ensued and continues in the current decade. The global homeland security market has been estimated at $200 billion, with as much as 10% of the total devoted to the aviation industry.

Key advances in aviation include:

  • Internet Protocol (IP) Video: introduction of advanced IP video cameras and all-digital systems.
  • RADAR Applications: use of shortwave radio detection and ranging (RADAR) for anomaly detection and integration into airport security.
  • Physical Security Information Management ( PSIM ): software and applications to integrate multiple independent sensors/technologies to create comprehensive domain awareness.
  • Biometric Technologies: use of personal characteristics, such as fingerprints, hand geometry, retina, and face recognition, to establish and authenticate identity.
  • Advanced Passenger Imaging: use of millimeter wave and backscatter technologies for passenger screening.
  • Air Cargo Imaging: deployment of conventional radiography and explosive trace detection technologies for large-scale screening of inbound air cargo.

Aviation security is not a steady-state business. It changes with the world and the world of flight.

Yr Obdnt Svt,


About the Author:

David Kipp leads Ross & Baruzzini’s Domestic Aviation and Rail/Transit/Communications market areas. In the course of his 27-year career, he has led complex technology projects across the globe as a project executive and practitioner. Dave is also a respected advisor to many public sector clients, universities, and healthcare systems seeking objective and trusted counsel on information technology, communications, critical operations, wireless, and security issues.